The Three Categories of People


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Samreen Awan

Al-Waqiah is an Arabic word which means Inevitable. It is the 56th Surah (Chapter) of the Qur’an,which was revealed in Makkah. The total number of verses in this surah are 96.In this Surah Allah  (سبحانه و تعالى) mentions three categories of people:
1.The Sabiqoon
2.The Companions of the Right
3.The Companions of the Left

إِذَا وَقَعَتِ الْوَاقِعَةُ ﴿١﴾ لَيْسَ لِوَقْعَتِهَا كَاذِبَةٌ ﴿٢﴾ خَافِضَةٌ رَّافِعَةٌ ﴿٣﴾ إِذَا رُجَّتِ الْأَرْضُ رَجًّا ﴿٤﴾ وَبُسَّتِ الْجِبَالُ بَسًّا ﴿٥﴾ فَكَانَتْ هَبَاءً مُّنبَثًّا ﴿٦﴾ وَكُنتُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ثَلَاثَةً ﴿٧﴾ فَأَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ ﴿٨﴾ وَأَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ ﴿٩﴾ وَالسَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ ﴿١٠﴾ أُولَـٰئِكَ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ ﴿١١﴾ فِي جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ ﴿١٢﴾ ثُلَّةٌ مِّنَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ﴿١٣﴾ وَقَلِيلٌ مِّنَ الْآخِرِينَ ﴿١٤﴾ عَلَىٰ سُرُرٍ مَّوْضُونَةٍ ﴿١٥﴾ مُّتَّكِئِينَ عَلَيْهَا مُتَقَابِلِينَ ﴿١٦﴾يَطُوفُ عَلَيْهِمْ وِلْدَانٌ مُّخَلَّدُونَ ﴿١٧﴾ بِأَكْوَابٍ وَأَبَارِيقَ وَكَأْسٍ مِّن مَّعِينٍ ﴿١٨﴾ لَّا يُصَدَّعُونَ عَنْهَا وَلَا يُنزِفُونَ ﴿١٩﴾ وَفَاكِهَةٍ مِّمَّا يَتَخَيَّرُونَ ﴿٢٠﴾ وَلَحْمِ طَيْرٍ مِّمَّا يَشْتَهُونَ ﴿٢١﴾ وَحُورٌ عِينٌ ﴿٢٢﴾ كَأَمْثَالِ اللُّؤْلُؤِ الْمَكْنُونِ ﴿٢٣﴾ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ ﴿٢٤﴾ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوًا وَلَا تَأْثِيمًا ﴿٢٥﴾ إِلَّا قِيلًا سَلَامًا سَلَامًا ﴿٢٦﴾ وَأَصْحَابُ الْيَمِينِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْيَمِينِ ﴿٢٧﴾ فِي سِدْرٍ مَّخْضُودٍ ﴿٢٨﴾ وَطَلْحٍ مَّنضُودٍ ﴿٢٩﴾ وَظِلٍّ مَّمْدُودٍ ﴿٣٠﴾ وَمَاءٍ مَّسْكُوبٍ ﴿٣١﴾ وَفَاكِهَةٍ كَثِيرَةٍ ﴿٣٢﴾ لَّا مَقْطُوعَةٍ وَلَا مَمْنُوعَةٍ ﴿٣٣﴾ وَفُرُشٍ مَّرْفُوعَةٍ ﴿٣٤﴾ إِنَّا أَنشَأْنَاهُنَّ إِنشَاءً ﴿٣٥﴾ فَجَعَلْنَاهُنَّ أَبْكَارًا ﴿٣٦﴾ عُرُبًا أَتْرَابًا ﴿٣٧﴾ لِّأَصْحَابِ الْيَمِينِ ﴿٣٨﴾ ثُلَّةٌ مِّنَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ﴿٣٩﴾ وَثُلَّةٌ مِّنَ الْآخِرِينَ ﴿٤٠﴾ وَأَصْحَابُ الشِّمَالِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الشِّمَالِ ﴿٤١﴾ فِي سَمُومٍ وَحَمِيمٍ ﴿٤٢﴾ وَظِلٍّ مِّن يَحْمُومٍ ﴿٤٣﴾ لَّا بَارِدٍ وَلَا كَرِيمٍ ﴿٤٤﴾ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَٰلِكَ مُتْرَفِينَ ﴿٤٥﴾ وَكَانُوا يُصِرُّونَ عَلَى الْحِنثِ الْعَظِيمِ ﴿٤٦﴾ وَكَانُوا يَقُولُونَ أَئِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ ﴿٤٧﴾ أَوَآبَاؤُنَا الْأَوَّلُونَ ﴿٤٨﴾ قُلْ إِنَّ الْأَوَّلِينَ وَالْآخِرِينَ ﴿٤٩﴾ لَمَجْمُوعُونَ إِلَىٰ مِيقَاتِ يَوْمٍ مَّعْلُومٍ ﴿٥٠﴾ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ أَيُّهَا الضَّالُّونَ الْمُكَذِّبُونَ ﴿٥١﴾ لَآكِلُونَ مِن شَجَرٍ مِّن زَقُّومٍ ﴿٥٢﴾ فَمَالِئُونَ مِنْهَا الْبُطُونَ ﴿٥٣﴾ فَشَارِبُونَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْحَمِيمِ ﴿٥٤﴾ فَشَارِبُونَ شُرْبَ الْهِيمِ ﴿٥٥﴾ هَـٰذَا نُزُلُهُمْ يَوْمَ الدِّينِ ﴿٥٦﴾ نَحْنُ خَلَقْنَاكُمْ فَلَوْلَا تُصَدِّقُونَ ﴿٥٧﴾ أَفَرَأَيْتُم مَّا تُمْنُونَ ﴿٥٨﴾ أَأَنتُمْ تَخْلُقُونَهُ أَمْ نَحْنُ الْخَالِقُونَ ﴿٥٩﴾ نَحْنُ قَدَّرْنَا بَيْنَكُمُ الْمَوْتَ وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَسْبُوقِينَ ﴿٦٠﴾ عَلَىٰ أَن نُّبَدِّلَ أَمْثَالَكُمْ وَنُنشِئَكُمْ فِي مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٦١﴾ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمُ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُولَىٰ فَلَوْلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ ﴿٦٢﴾ أَفَرَأَيْتُم مَّا تَحْرُثُونَ ﴿٦٣﴾ أَأَنتُمْ تَزْرَعُونَهُ أَمْ نَحْنُ الزَّارِعُونَ ﴿٦٤﴾ لَوْ نَشَاءُ لَجَعَلْنَاهُ حُطَامًا فَظَلْتُمْ تَفَكَّهُونَ ﴿٦٥﴾ إِنَّا لَمُغْرَمُونَ ﴿٦٦﴾ بَلْ نَحْنُ مَحْرُومُونَ ﴿٦٧﴾ أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ الْمَاءَ الَّذِي تَشْرَبُونَ ﴿٦٨﴾ أَأَنتُمْ أَنزَلْتُمُوهُ مِنَ الْمُزْنِ أَمْ نَحْنُ الْمُنزِلُونَ ﴿٦٩﴾ لَوْ نَشَاءُ جَعَلْنَاهُ أُجَاجًا فَلَوْلَا تَشْكُرُونَ ﴿٧٠﴾ أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ النَّارَ الَّتِي تُورُونَ ﴿٧١﴾ أَأَنتُمْ أَنشَأْتُمْ شَجَرَتَهَا أَمْ نَحْنُ الْمُنشِئُونَ ﴿٧٢﴾ نَحْنُ جَعَلْنَاهَا تَذْكِرَةً وَمَتَاعًا لِّلْمُقْوِينَ ﴿٧٣﴾ فَسَبِّحْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الْعَظِيمِ ﴿٧٤﴾ فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِمَوَاقِعِ النُّجُومِ ﴿٧٥﴾ وَإِنَّهُ لَقَسَمٌ لَّوْ تَعْلَمُونَ عَظِيمٌ ﴿٧٦﴾إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ ﴿٧٧﴾ فِي كِتَابٍ مَّكْنُونٍ ﴿٧٨﴾ لَّا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ ﴿٧٩﴾ تَنزِيلٌ مِّن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٨٠﴾ أَفَبِهَـٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَنتُم مُّدْهِنُونَ ﴿٨١﴾ وَتَجْعَلُونَ رِزْقَكُمْ أَنَّكُمْ تُكَذِّبُونَ ﴿٨٢﴾ فَلَوْلَا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ الْحُلْقُومَ ﴿٨٣﴾ وَأَنتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ تَنظُرُونَ ﴿٨٤﴾ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنكُمْ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا تُبْصِرُونَ ﴿٨٥﴾ فَلَوْلَا إِن كُنتُمْ غَيْرَ مَدِينِينَ ﴿٨٦﴾ تَرْجِعُونَهَا إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ ﴿٨٧﴾ فَأَمَّا إِن كَانَ مِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ ﴿٨٨﴾ فَرَوْحٌ وَرَيْحَانٌ وَجَنَّتُ نَعِيمٍ ﴿٨٩﴾ وَأَمَّا إِن كَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْيَمِينِ ﴿٩٠﴾فَسَلَامٌ لَّكَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْيَمِينِ ﴿٩١﴾ وَأَمَّا إِن كَانَ مِنَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ الضَّالِّينَ ﴿٩٢﴾ فَنُزُلٌ مِّنْ حَمِيمٍ ﴿٩٣﴾ وَتَصْلِيَةُ جَحِيمٍ ﴿٩٤﴾ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَهُوَ حَقُّ الْيَقِينِ ﴿٩٥﴾ فَسَبِّحْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الْعَظِيمِ ﴿٩٦﴾ — سورة الواقعة

“When the Occurrence occurs, There is, at its occurrence, no denial. It will bring down [some] and raise up [others]. When the earth is shaken with convulsion And the mountains are broken down, crumbling And become dust dispersing. And you become [of] three kinds: Then the companions of the right – what are the companions of the right? And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left? And the forerunners, the forerunners – Those are the ones brought near [to Allah] In the Gardens of Pleasure, A [large] company of the former peoples And a few of the later peoples, On thrones woven [with ornament], Reclining on them, facing each other. There will circulate among them young boys made eternal With vessels, pitchers and a cup [of wine] from a flowing spring – No headache will they have therefrom, nor will they be intoxicated – And fruit of what they select And the meat of fowl, from whatever they desire. And [for them are] fair women with large, [beautiful] eyes, The likenesses of pearls well-protected, As reward for what they used to do. They will not hear therein ill speech or commission of sin – Only a saying: “Peace, peace.” The companions of the right – what are the companions of the right? [They will be] among lote trees with thorns removed And [banana] trees layered [with fruit] And shade extended And water poured out And fruit, abundant [and varied], Neither limited [to season] nor forbidden, And [upon] beds raised high. Indeed, We have produced the women of Paradise in a [new] creation And made them virgins, Devoted [to their husbands] and of equal age, For the companions of the right [who are] A company of the former peoples And a company of the later peoples. And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left? [They will be] in scorching fire and scalding water And a shade of black smoke, Neither cool nor beneficial. Indeed they were, before that, indulging in affluence, And they used to persist in the great violation, And they used to say, “When we die and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected? And our forefathers [as well]?” Say, [O Muhammad], “Indeed, the former and the later peoples Are to be gathered together for the appointment of a known Day.” Then indeed you, O those astray [who are] deniers, Will be eating from trees of zaqqum And filling with it your bellies And drinking on top of it from scalding water And will drink as the drinking of thirsty camels. That is their accommodation on the Day of Recompense. We have created you, so why do you not believe? Have you seen that which you emit? Is it you who creates it, or are We the Creator? We have decreed death among you, and We are not to be outdone In that We will change your likenesses and produce you in that [form] which you do not know And you have already known the first creation, so will you not remember? And have you seen that [seed] which you sow? Is it you who makes it grow, or are We the grower? If We willed, We could make it [dry] debris, and you would remain in wonder, [Saying], “Indeed, we are [now] in debt; Rather, we have been deprived.” And have you seen the water that you drink? Is it you who brought it down from the clouds, or is it We who bring it down? If We willed, We could make it bitter, so why are you not grateful? And have you seen the fire that you ignite? Is it you who produced its tree, or are We the producer? We have made it a reminder and provision for the travelers, So exalt the name of your Lord, the Most Great. Then I swear by the setting of the stars, And indeed, it is an oath – if you could know – [most] great. Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an In a Register well-protected; None touch it except the purified. [It is] a revelation from the Lord of the worlds. Then is it to this statement that you are indifferent And make [the thanks for] your provision that you deny [the Provider]? Then why, when the soul at death reaches the throat And you are at that time looking on – And Our angels are nearer to him than you, but you do not see – Then why do you not, if you are not to be recompensed, Bring it back, if you should be truthful? And if the deceased was of those brought near to Allah, Then [for him is] rest and bounty and a garden of pleasure. And if he was of the companions of the right, Then [the angels will say], “Peace for you; [you are] from the companions of the right.” But if he was of the deniers [who were] astray, Then [for him is] accommodation of scalding water And burning in Hellfire Indeed, this is the true certainty, So exalt the name of your Lord, the Most Great.”
[Al-Qur’an-Surah Al-Waqi’ah (The Inevitable)]

The SABIQOON **

Who are they in this Dunya?

  • The ones who are foremost , in taqwa and excellent deeds in this duniya

What will be their rank and state in Akhira?

  • They are the ones brought near to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) in the hereafter * (Muqaraboon)*
  • They will be in gardens of Pleasure (in Jannah).
  • Reclining on adorned couches (lined up couches), facing each other
  • Among them young boys (youth) will circulate with cups, jugs and goblets (of wine) from spring. This drink will not cause them headache or intoxicate them.
  • These people of Jannah will have any fruits that they select and any flesh of birds that they desire to consume.
  • For them will be Fair Women with large beautiful eyes (Hoorun ‘Een) who are like the well protected pearls. All this is a reward from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) for their good deeds.
  • They will not hear any ill speech or commission to sin. Only a saying of Peace (Salam)
  • For them is eternal rest and bounty and garden of pleasure
 

COMPANIONS OF RIGHT **

Who are they in this Duniya?

  • The righteous believers who are not at the same level of excellence as Sabiqoon but have some shortcomings.

What will be their rank and state in Akhira?

  • They will also be in Jannah, among lote trees with thorns removed, and banana trees with layered fruit. 
  • And Shade extended and water poured out. For them will be abundant and varied fruit which will be neither limited nor forbidden.
  • They will be on beds raised high. They will be with the women of Jannah. These women will be elevated in their conduct as well as their physical beauty. They will be virgins. They will be with  loving and devoted companions of equal age. This can also mean there will be Hurain (a new creation) for them in Jannah.
  • The Angels will greet them on Day of Qiyamah and say ‘Peace, for you are from the companions of the right”.
 

COMPANIONS OF LEFT **

Who are they in this Duniya?

  • Those who denied the Day of Judgment and doubted resurrection .
  • Disbelievers who are astray and indulge in affluence in the Duniya. They persisted in great violation. They said in the Duniya “When we die and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected…and our forefathers too?”

What will be their rank and state in Akhira?

  • They will be in Hell in scorching fire and scalding water. In a shade of black smoke which is neither cool nor beneficial.
  • They will eat from the tree of Zaqqum and fill their bellies with it. And on top of it drink from scalding water. They will drink like drinking of thirsty camels.
  • Scalding water is their final accommodation
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About Quran Reflections

Al-Huda's branch at Khayaban-e-Sehar is one of the few Quran courses being regularly conducted in Karachi, Pakistan, where the mode of instruction and examination is English. The students and teachers have decided to upload their reflections on the Quran and class notes on this blog, in order to be available to a global audience for the latter's benefit and inspiration.
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One Response to The Three Categories of People

  1. Kulsoom says:

    This reflection was an excellent reflection about the three categories of people in this world. We should refrain from evil doings and should ask for Allah’s forgiveness if we commit sin since Allah is All-Forgiving, All Merciful.

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